A group of London Separatists had settled in Amsterday as early as 1593. In 1607-08 Separatists from the Scrooby Congregation joined the congareation in Amsterdam, but shortly moved to Leyden. In 1617 the Scrooby-Leydan group determined to move to America and applied to the Virginia Company for a patent to land in Virginia. To further this application, the congretation drew up these Seven Articles as assurance to the King of loyalty and orthodoxy. The King however promised only that "he would connive at them and not molest them provided they carried themselves peaceably." Eventually they secured a patent from the Virginia Company.
Seven artikes which ye Church of Leyden sent to ye counsell of England to bee considered of in respeckt of their judgements occationed about theer going to Virginia anno 1618.
1. To ye confession of fayth published in ye name of ye Church of England & to every artikell theerof wee do with ye reformed churches wheer wee live & also els where assent wholy.
2. As wee do acknolidg ye docktryne of fayth theer tawght so do wee y fruites and effeckts of ye same docktryne to ye begetting of saving fayth in thousands in ye land (conformistes and reformistes as ye are called) with whom also as with our bretheren wee do desyer to keepe sperituall communion in peace and will pracktis in our parts all lawfull thinges.
3. The Kings Majesty wee acknoledge for Supreame Governer in his Dominion in all causes and over all parsons, and ye none maye decklyne or apeale from his authority or judgement in any cause whatseever, buy y in all thinges obedience is dewe unto him, ether active, if ye thing commanded be not agaynst God's woord, or passive yf itt bee, except pardon can bee obtayened.
4. Wee judg itt lawfull for his Majesty to apoynt bishops; civill overseers, or officers in awthoryty onder hime, in ye severall provinces, dioses, congrgations, or parrishes to oversee ye Churches and governe them civilly according to ye Lawes of ye Land, untto who ye ar in all thinges to give an account & by them to bee ordered according to Godlynes.
5. The authoryty of ye present bishops in ye Land wee do acknowlidg so far forth as ye same is indeed derived from his Majesty untto them and as ye proseed in his name, whome we will also theerin honor in all things and hime in them.
6. Wee beleeve yt no sinod, classes, convocation or assembly of Ecclesiasticall officers hath any power or awthoryty att all but as ye same by ye Majestraet geven unto them.
7. And lastly, wee desyer to geve untto all Superiors dew honnor to preserve ye untiy of ye speritt with all ye feare God, to have peace with all men what in us lyeth & wheerin wee err to bee instructed by any.
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