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Amendment 17
Section 1

The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State Legislatures.

This Amendment changed Article 1, Section 3, Paragraph 1 of our Constitution.

Our Founding Fathers had a very contentious debate over how many Senators from each State and how they would be selected. The compromise was that there would be 2 Senators and they would be direct representatives of the States - appointed by the several State Legislatures.

This Amendment undoes the great compromise of the Federal Convention.

Instead of the Senate being a body where each State has equal representation, it now becomes a body elected by the people and subject to all of the political whims that come along.

As it turned out - this was a major step forward in letting the Federal Government make the States subject to its will.

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