The Constitution for the United States of America

Amendment 16

The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever sources derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.

The Federal Government claims this Amendment Changes Article 1, Section 9, Paragraph 4 of our Constitufion. It is known as the "Income Tax Amendment."

This is nothing more than a bogus attempt to enslave the people.

My uncle, J. Reuben Clark, Jr., for whom the Brigham Young University Law School is named, was the Solicitor General for the State Department in 1912. He told me that when he wrote his legal opinion for Philander Knox that he tried very diligently to convey the fact that the Amendment was not properly ratified, but he also knew that what he said would be ignored. His hope was that in writing the opinion the way he did it would leave his letter available to later generations who could then use it as a tool to overturn the zealous activities of the others around him.

This Amendment to our Constitution for the United States of America was proposed to the legislatures of the several States by the Sixty-first Congress on the 12th of July, 1909, and was declared, in a proclamation of the Secretary of State, dated the 25th of February, 1913, to have been ratified by 36 of the 48 States.

The published dates of ratification are as indicated, and the problems with the ratification are also shown. The Constitution, and rulings by all factions of our government indicate that there cannot be any change of any kind to the proposed Constitutional Amendment, or the ratification is invalid. With that in mind - check out the following table which is based on his findings for his legal opinion:

August 10, 1909

Alabama

Alabama changed the wording and so it ratified a different Amendment from what was submitted for ratification by the Congress. Therefore Alabama did not properly ratify the Amendment

February 8, 1910

Kentucky

Kentucky did not ratify the Amendment. The wording was changed so that Kentucky ratified a different Amendment than what was submitted for ratification by the Congress. Also the Governor did not sign, as required by the State Constitution

February 19, 1910

South Carolina

South Carolina changed the wording and so it ratified a different Amendment from what was submitted for ratification by the Congress. Therefore South Carolina did not properly ratify the Amendment

March 1, 1910

Illinois

Illinois changed the wording and so it ratified a different Amendment from what was submitted for ratification by the Congress. Therefore Illinois did not properly ratify the Amendment

March 7, 1910

Mississippi

Mississippi changed the wording and so it ratified a different Amendment from what was submitted for ratification by the Congress. Therefore Mississippi did not properly ratify the Amendment

March 10, 1910

Oklahoma

Oklahoma changed the wording and so it ratified a different Amendment from what was submitted for ratification by the Congress. Therefore Oklahoma did not properly ratify the Amendment

April 8, 1910

Maryland

Maryland's governor did not sign the Amendment as required by the State Constitution. Therefore Maryland did not properly ratify the Amendment

August 3, 1910

Georgia

Georgia changed the wording and so it ratified a different Amendment from what was submitted for ratification by the Congress. Georgia did not properly ratify the Amendment

August 16, 1910

Texas

Texas changed the wording and so it ratified a different Amendment from what was submitted for ratification by the Congress. Texas did not properly ratify the Amendment

January 19, 1911

Ohio

Ohio suffered various procedural errors and in the process changed the capitalization of the proposed Amendment so it was not the same as the Amendment that was submitted for ratification. Ohio did not properly ratify the Amendment

January 20, 1911

Idaho

Idaho changed the wording and so it ratified a different Amendment from what was submitted for ratification by the Congress. Idaho did not properly ratify the Amendment

January 23, 1911

Oregon

Did not ratify the Amendment and reported that it did not. Counting Oregon as one of the States that did ratify the Amendment, when it did not, is fraud on the American Public

January 26, 1911

Washington

Washington changed the wording and so it ratified a different Amendment from what was submitted for ratification by the Congress. Washington did not properly ratify the Amendment

January 30, 1911

Montana

Montana suffered various procedural errors and in the process changed the capitalization and punctuation of the proposed Amendment so it was not the same as the Amendment that was submitted for ratification. Montana did not properly ratify the Amendment

January 30, 1911

Indiana

Indiana changed the wording and so it ratified a different Amendment from what was submitted for ratification by the Congress. Indiana did not properly ratify the Amendment

January 31, 1911

California

California changed the wording and so it ratified a different Amendment from what was submitted for ratification by the Congress. California did not properly ratify the Amendment

January 31, 1911

Nevada

Incomplete evidence of ratification, however, the Amendment being considered has both the Capitalization and the Punctuation changed. Even if it did ratify, it was the wrong Amendment. Nevada did not properly ratify the Amendment.

February 3, 1911

South Dakota

South Dakota changed the wording and so it ratified a different Amendment from what was submitted for ratification by the Congress. South Dakota did not properly ratify the Amendment

February 9, 1911

Nebraska

Nebraska suffered various procedural errors and in the process changed the capitalization of the proposed Amendment so it was not the same as the Amendment that was submitted for ratification. Nebraska did not properly ratify the Amendment

February 11, 1911

North Carolina

North Carolina changed the capitalization and punctuation of the proposed Amendment so it was not the same as the Amendment that was submitted for ratification. North Carolina did not properly ratify the Amendment

February 15, 1911

Colorado

Colorado changed the wording and so it ratified a different Amendment from what was submitted for ratification by the Congress. Colorado did not properly ratify the Amendment

February 17, 1911

North Dakota

North Dakota changed the wording and so it ratified a different Amendment from what was submitted for ratification by the Congress. North Dakota did not properly ratify the Amendment

February 18, 1911

Kansas

Kansas suffered various procedural errors and in the process changed the capitalization of the proposed Amendment so it was not the same as the Amendment that was submitted for ratification. Kansas did not properly ratify the Amendment

February 24, 1911

Iowa

Iowa suffered various procedural errors and in the process changed the capitalization of the proposed Amendment so it was not the same as the Amendment that was submitted for ratification. Iowa did not properly ratify the Amendment

February 23, 1911

Michigan

Michigan changed the wording and so it ratified a different Amendment from what was submitted for ratification by the Congress. Michigan did not properly ratify the Amendment

March 16, 1911

Missouri

Missouri changed the wording and so it ratified a different Amendment from what was submitted for ratification by the Congress. Missouri did not properly ratify the Amendment

March 31, 1911

Maine

Maine changed both the Capitalization and the Punctuation of the proposed Amendment. Maine did not properly ratify the Amendment

April 7, 1911

Tennessee

Tennessee changed the wording and so it ratified a different Amendment from what was submitted for ratification by the Congress. Tennessee did not properly ratify the Amendment

April 22, 1911

Arkansas

After having rejected it earlier, Arkansas changed the wording and ratified the modified version of the Amendment. Arkansas ratified a different Amendment from what was submitted or ratification by the Congress. Arkansas did not properly ratify the Amendment

May 26, 1911

Wisconsin

Wisconsin changed the wording and so it ratified a different Amendment from what was submitted for ratification by the Congress. Wisconsin did not properly ratify the Amendment

July 12, 1911

New York

New York suffered various procedural errors and in the process changed both the capitalization and the punctuation of the proposed Amendment so it was not the same as the Amendment that was submitted for ratification. New York did not properly ratify the Amendment

April 6, 1912

Arizona

Arizona changed the wording and so it ratified a different Amendment from what was submitted for ratification by the Congress. Arizona did not properly ratify the Amendment

June 11, 1912

Minnesota

Minnesota had procedural errors in the ratification process and the State Governor failed to sign the bill in violation of the State Constitution. Minnesota did not properly ratify the Amendment

June 28, 1912

Louisiana

Louisiana changed the wording and so it ratified a different Amendment from what was submitted for ratification by the Congress. Louisiana did not properly ratify the Amendment

January 31, 1913

West Virginia

West Virginia suffered various procedural errors and in the process changed the capitalization of the proposed Amendment so it was not the same as the Amendment that was submitted for ratification. West Virginia did not properly ratify the Amendment

February 3, 1913

New Mexico

New Mexico suffered various procedural errors and in the process of ratifying the proposed Amendment so it was not the same as the Amendment that was submitted for ratification. New Mexico did not properly ratify the Amendment

March 4, 1913

Massachusetts

Massachusetts suffered various procedural errors and in the process changed both the capitalization and the punctuation of the proposed Amendment so it was not the same as the Amendment that was submitted for ratification. Massachusetts did not properly ratify the Amendment

March 7, 1913

New Hampshire

The Amendment was rejected it on March 2, 1911, but the official line of the Federal Government is that New Hampshire reconsidered the Amendment, and subsequently passed it. There is no evidence to support this contention.

The amendment was rejected (and not subsequently ratified) by Connecticut, Rhode Island, and Utah.

The official position of the Federal Government is that Ratification was completed on February 3, 1913, but as can be seen from the above table of information,

NOT ONE STATE REALLY, SOLIDLY, APPROVED THE AMENDMENT.

In spite of this Mr. Knox announced to the world that the Amendment had been properly ratified.

The Federal Government claims
that the amendment was subsequently ratified by
Massachusetts and New Hampshire, but as you can see that is not true:

If you are interested in pursuing this matter
there is a wealth of additional information about this posted to the Internet.
just enter 16th Amendment into your search engine and be amazed at the response.

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