The Constitution for the United States of America
Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of Electors for President and Vice-President of the United States, Representatives in Congress, the executive and judicial officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion, or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such State.
This Amendment changes Article 1, Section 2, Paragraph 3.
Our original Constitution counted a whole person for all free men, excluded the Indians because they were not taxed, and only allowed 3/5 of a vote for everyone else.
After this Amendment, the Indians are still excluded because they are not taxed, but everyone else is counted as a whole person.
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