The Constitution for the United States of America

Article 1
Section 10 - Paragraph 1

No state shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation; grant letters of marque and reprisal; coin money; emit bills of credit; make any thing but gold and silver coin a tender in payment of debts; pass any bill of attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of contracts, or grant any title of nobility.

No State shall enter into any Treaty, Alliance, or Confederation;

Dealings with Foreign Nations are reserved to the Federal Government. Since each State if virtually a Foreign Government to all other States the Federal Government is empowered to handle the transactions between the States. The fact that the States are virtually Foreign Governments to each other is why Constitutional Concepts Foundation refers to the Constitution as a Treaty.

grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal;

These actions are part of International Law and are reserved to the Federal Government.

coin Money;

This is to insure that the same coinage is used among all the several States.

emit Bills of Credit;

Bills of Credit are basically promissory notes written solely against the good faith and credit of the State. As such, they could tend to disrupt the stability of the State's financial position which could impact the other States and the ability of the Federal Government to meet its obligations under this Constitution.

make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts;

This precludes the individual States from creating their own monetary system in defiance of the provisions of this Constitution.

pass any Bill of Attainder, ex post facto Law,

The States are precluded from passing Bills of Attainder and ex post facto Laws just like the Federal Government, and for the same reasons.

or Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts,

Equity Courts and Equity Law was ganted to the Federal Government. The States are not allowed to compete in these matters.

or grant any Title of Nobility.

The same restriction as was placed on the Federal Government by our Founding Fathers, and for the same reasons.

Previous Page | Next Page

Return to the top of the page

Return to the Constitution Index

Constitutional Quiz | Truth | Index to Historical Documents | Basic Concepts

Return to Home Page

Other Comments of Interest

Please direct all comments to: