The Constitution for the United States of America
Section 8 - Paragraph 9
To constitute tribunals inferior to the supreme court:
In order to carry out the various tasks that have been given to our Government, the Legislature is granted the power to establish courts that are inferior to the supreme court.
These courts can only deal in and with those items that fall within what power and authority has been granted to the Federal Government.
That means that the courts are either Maritime Courts that deal in International Affairs with the Foreign Nations, the States, and the Indian Nations, or they are Equity Courts that deal with contracts and agreements involving the functions of the Federal Government.
These are NOT courts designed to persecute and harass the People.
As we have said before, there are three different law systems mentioned in the Constitution. The Maritime Law, the Equity Law, and the Common Law.
The Common Law is reserved to the people with no rights being granted to either the Federal or State governments.
The Maritime Law is commonly referred to as International Law and the government needs to be able to deal in such law since they have the responsibility of dealing with Foreign Nations.
Equity Law deals with contracts and agreements, not people. Insofar as contracts and agreements, called Treaties, are entered into between Nations the Federal Government needs to be able to function with Equity Law.
Once more - these inferior Tribunals can only deal in and with what powers have been granted to the Government by We, the People in our Constitution.
Previous Page | Next Page
Return to the top of the page
Return to the Constitution Index
Constitutional Quiz | Truth | Index to Historical Documents | Basic Concepts
Return to Home Page
Other Comments of Interest
Please direct all comments to: