The Constitution for the United States of America

Article 1
Section 6 - Paragraph 1

The Senators and Representatives shall receive a compensation for their services, to be ascertained by law, and paid out of the Treasury of the United States. They shall in all cases, except treason, felony and breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the session of their respective Houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for any speech or debate in either House, they shall not be questioned in any other place.

The Senators and Representatives will be paid for their services. The payment is to be from the Treasury of the United States. This may have been done to keep the pay schedule equal for each Senator and Representative so that one could not claim to be more important than another. If the States were left with the payment then the salaries would all be different.

If the Senators and Representativew were not immune from Arrest then trumped up charges could be used to preclude certain Senators or Representatives from attending their meetings, thus affecting the outcome of Senate or House Actions.

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