The Constitution for the United States of America

Article 1
Section 4 - Paragraph 2

The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unless they by law appoint a different day.

Paragraph 2 of the 20th Amendment changed the meeting date to the 3rd of January

We suspect that the date of the first Monday in December was chosen because that limited the length of the session since everyone would want to be home for Christmas - just like they do today.

By changing the date to the 3rd of January our Congress now has the whole year to stay in session.

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