The Constitution for the United States of America

Article 1
Section 4 - Paragraph 1

The times, places and manner of holding elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by law make or alter such regulations, except as to the places of choosing Senators.

The election of Senators and Representatives is a State function. The only reason the Federal Government has the power to set the time and the manner is to make the voting system uniform, and on the same date, in all States.

In spite of the authorization to change the time and manner, Congress still had to go to the People with Amendments in order to remove poll taxes, to grant the right to vote to women, to make sure everyone could vote, and to lower the voting age to 18.

This demonstrates how limited the actual power granted really are.

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